Solar wind
speed: 322.3 km/sec
density: 2.5 protons/cm3
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at 2224 UT
X-ray Solar Flares
6-hr max: A7
2015 UT Oct13
24-hr: A7
0552 UT Oct13
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at: 2200 UT
Daily Sun: 13 Oct 19
The sun is blank--no sunspots. Credit: SDO/HMI
Sunspot number: 0
What is the sunspot number?
Updated 13 Oct 2019

Spotless Days
Current Stretch: 10 days
2019 total: 209 days (73%)
2018 total: 221 days (61%)
2017 total: 104 days (28%)
2016 total: 32 days (9%)
2015 total: 0 days (0%)
2014 total: 1 day (<1%)
2013 total: 0 days (0%)
2012 total: 0 days (0%)
2011 total: 2 days (<1%)
2010 total: 51 days (14%)
2009 total: 260 days (71%)
2008 total: 268 days (73%)
2007 total: 152 days (42%)
2006 total: 70 days (19%)

Updated 13 Oct 2019


Thermosphere Climate Index
today: 4.40
x1010 W Cold
Max: 49.4
x1010 W Hot (10/1957)
Min: 2.05
x1010 W Cold (02/2009)
explanation | more data: gfx, txt
Updated 13 Oct 2019

The Radio Sun
10.7 cm flux: 68 sfu
explanation | more data
Updated 13 Oct 2019

Cosmic Rays Solar minimum is underway. The sun's magnetic field is weak, allowing extra cosmic rays into the solar system. Neutron counts from the University of Oulu's Sodankyla Geophysical Observatory show that cosmic rays reaching Earth in 2019 are near a Space Age peak.



Oulu Neutron Counts

Percentages of the Space Age average:
today: +10.2% High
30-day change: +0.3%
Max: +11.7% Very High
(12/2009)
Min: -32.1% Very Low (06/1991)
explanation | more data
Updated 13 Oct 2019 @ 1600 UT

Current Auroral Oval:
Switch to: Europe, USA, New Zealand, Antarctica
Credit: NOAA/Ovation
Planetary K-index
Now: Kp= 1 quiet
24-hr max: Kp= 1
quiet
explanation | more data
Interplanetary Mag. Field
Btotal: 2.6 nT
Bz: -1.7 nT south
more data: ACE, DSCOVR
Updated: Today at 2226 UT
Coronal Holes: 13 Oct 19

Solar wind flowing from this southern coronal hole could graze Earth on Oct. 14.
Credit: SDO/AIA

Noctilucent Clouds The northern season for noctilucent clouds has ended. NASA's AIM spacecraft is no longer detecting electric-blue clouds around the Arctic Circle.
Switch view: Europe, USA, Asia, Polar
Updated at: 09-03-2019 13:55:02 UT
SPACE WEATHER
NOAA Forecasts
Updated at: 2019 Oct 13 2200 UTC
FLARE
0-24 hr
24-48 hr
CLASS M
01 %
01 %
CLASS X
01 %
01 %
Geomagnetic Storms:
Probabilities for significant disturbances in Earth's magnetic field are given for three activity levels: active, minor storm, severe storm
Updated at: 2019 Oct 13 2200 UTC
Mid-latitudes
0-24 hr
24-48 hr
ACTIVE
20 %
10 %
MINOR
05 %
05 %
SEVERE
01 %
01 %
High latitudes
0-24 hr
24-48 hr
ACTIVE
15 %
15 %
MINOR
20 %
20 %
SEVERE
20 %
10 %
 
Sunday, Oct. 13, 2019
What's up in space
       
 

Special Offer: SAVE 600nok per person. Book a combination aurora borealis chase and scenic day tour during the months of September, October or November 2019 for the special price of 1800 kr. Check Marianne's webpage for details!

 

THE FULL HUNTER'S MOON: This weekend's full Moon has a special name: The Hunter's Moon. Like the Harvest Moon of September, this full moon rises soon after sunset, adding extra hours of light to waning northern days. It gets its name from Native American hunters who once tracked their prey by autumn moonlight, stockpiling food for the winter ahead. Browse: Photo Gallery

THE ORIONID METEOR SHOWER: Earth is entering a stream of debris from Halley's Comet, source of the annual Orionid meteor shower. Last night, NASA's Network of All-Sky Cameras detected the first Orionid fireballs of the weeks-long display. Here's one of them  streaking over Mount Lemmon, Arizona, bright enough to be seen despite the proximity of the full Hunter's Moon:


NASA cameras picked up only two Orionids last night. Rates will increase sharply in the nights ahead as Earth moves deeper into the debris stream. Forecasters expect the shower to peak on Oct. 20-21 with as many as 20 meteors per hour. The best time to look is during the hours before sunrise when the constellation Orion is high in the sky: finder chart.

AURORAS--NO SUNSPOTS REQUIRED: Last night, the sun and Moon combined to produce a beautiful scene in Tromsø, Norway. The sun contributed a gust of solar wind, while the Moon added its almost-full luminosity. Markus Varik photographed the result:

"The Northern Lights were fantastic," he says. "We could even see their reflection from the water as the Hunter's Moon lit up the surrounding landscape. It's hard to believe this is happening during such a deep Solar Minimum."

Indeed, how does this happen during Solar Minimum? The sun is completely spotless and we haven't had a solar flare all year long. The answer is "the Russell-McPherron Effect." During weeks around the autumnal equinox, cracks open in Earth's magnetic field. Solar wind pours in to fuel Arctic auroras--no sunspots required. 

Realtime Aurora Photo Gallery
Free:
Spaceweather.com Newsletter

PICTURE THIS ON YOUR CHRISTMAS TREE: How do you go to the bathroom in space? The space toilet, of course. On Oct. 6, 2019, the students of Earth to Sky Calculus launched this unique ornament to the stratosphere (108,893 feet altitude) onboard one of their cosmic ray balloons:

You can have it for $99.95. The students are selling edge of space ornaments to support their cosmic ray balloning program. Each one comes with a greeting card showing the item in flight and telling the story of its journey to the edge of space and back again. And just imagine how good Frosty will look on your Christmas tree.

Far Out Gifts: Earth to Sky Store
All sales support hands-on STEM education


Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery
Free:
Spaceweather.com Newsletter

  All Sky Fireball Network
Every night, a network of NASA all-sky cameras scans the skies above the United States for meteoritic fireballs. Automated software maintained by NASA's Meteoroid Environment Office calculates their orbits, velocity, penetration depth in Earth's atmosphere and many other characteristics. Daily results are presented here on Spaceweather.com.

On Oct. 13, 2019, the network reported 15 fireballs.
(12 sporadics, 2 Orionids, 1 southern Taurid)

In this diagram of the inner solar system, all of the fireball orbits intersect at a single point--Earth. The orbits are color-coded by velocity, from slow (red) to fast (blue). [Larger image] [movies]

  Near Earth Asteroids
Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) are space rocks larger than approximately 100m that can come closer to Earth than 0.05 AU. None of the known PHAs is on a collision course with our planet, although astronomers are finding new ones all the time.
On October 13, 2019 there were 2018 potentially hazardous asteroids.
Recent & Upcoming Earth-asteroid encounters:
Asteroid
Date(UT)
Miss Distance
Velocity (km/s)
Diameter (m)
2019 TJ5
2019-Oct-08
2.5 LD
12.5
16
2019 TU
2019-Oct-08
4.4 LD
9.8
22
2019 TW1
2019-Oct-08
1.5 LD
11.7
10
2019 TM3
2019-Oct-08
1.3 LD
9.9
12
2019 RK
2019-Oct-08
16.7 LD
3
31
2019 TC1
2019-Oct-08
3.5 LD
13.1
12
2019 SB6
2019-Oct-08
7.8 LD
7.8
16
2019 TM
2019-Oct-08
9.4 LD
12.9
38
2019 TS
2019-Oct-08
8.4 LD
7.8
29
2019 TV1
2019-Oct-09
17 LD
9
22
2019 TZ
2019-Oct-09
8.1 LD
11.6
18
2019 SL7
2019-Oct-09
1.4 LD
17.1
25
2019 SX5
2019-Oct-10
17.7 LD
21.8
83
2019 TZ6
2019-Oct-11
1.4 LD
11.7
11
2019 TN1
2019-Oct-12
12.9 LD
8.6
15
2019 SK8
2019-Oct-12
10.5 LD
8.4
21
2019 SV9
2019-Oct-12
8.6 LD
13.5
29
2019 SE2
2019-Oct-12
19.2 LD
10.2
55
2019 TQ3
2019-Oct-13
10.4 LD
18.2
22
2019 TB7
2019-Oct-13
6 LD
5.6
18
2019 TH2
2019-Oct-13
9.3 LD
7.8
19
2019 TT1
2019-Oct-13
2.9 LD
13.3
21
2019 TA7
2019-Oct-14
3.9 LD
10.6
20
2019 SR8
2019-Oct-16
13.5 LD
9.8
26
2019 TE2
2019-Oct-18
8.2 LD
10.1
29
2019 TW6
2019-Oct-18
14.8 LD
5.6
19
2019 TP5
2019-Oct-18
8.2 LD
18.6
29
2019 TA1
2019-Oct-18
15.5 LD
6.4
22
2019 TM7
2019-Oct-18
10.9 LD
23.8
57
2019 TK5
2019-Oct-19
2.5 LD
5.8
11
2019 TG7
2019-Oct-19
16.8 LD
7.6
23
2019 SJ8
2019-Oct-19
11.6 LD
7.4
48
2019 TQ2
2019-Oct-25
12.8 LD
12.4
35
162082
2019-Oct-25
16.2 LD
11.2
589
2017 TG5
2019-Oct-25
14.4 LD
11.9
34
2019 TR2
2019-Oct-29
19.4 LD
13.9
73
2015 JD1
2019-Nov-03
12.9 LD
11.9
269
2010 JG
2019-Nov-12
19.6 LD
14.9
235
481394
2019-Nov-21
11.3 LD
7.9
372
2008 EA9
2019-Nov-23
10.5 LD
2.2
10
2017 AP4
2019-Dec-03
8.5 LD
7.5
15
2018 XW2
2019-Dec-07
17.4 LD
13
28
Notes: LD means "Lunar Distance." 1 LD = 384,401 km, the distance between Earth and the Moon. 1 LD also equals 0.00256 AU. MAG is the visual magnitude of the asteroid on the date of closest approach.
  Cosmic Rays in the Atmosphere

SOMETHING NEW! We have developed a new predictive model of aviation radiation. It's called E-RAD--short for Empirical RADiation model. We are constantly flying radiation sensors onboard airplanes over the US and and around the world, so far collecting more than 22,000 gps-tagged radiation measurements. Using this unique dataset, we can predict the dosage on any flight over the USA with an error no worse than 15%.

E-RAD lets us do something new: Every day we monitor approximately 1400 flights criss-crossing the 10 busiest routes in the continental USA. Typically, this includes more than 80,000 passengers per day. E-RAD calculates the radiation exposure for every single flight.

The Hot Flights Table is a daily summary of these calculations. It shows the 5 charter flights with the highest dose rates; the 5 commercial flights with the highest dose rates; 5 commercial flights with near-average dose rates; and the 5 commercial flights with the lowest dose rates. Passengers typically experience dose rates that are 20 to 70 times higher than natural radiation at sea level.

To measure radiation on airplanes, we use the same sensors we fly to the stratosphere onboard Earth to Sky Calculus cosmic ray balloons: neutron bubble chambers and X-ray/gamma-ray Geiger tubes sensitive to energies between 10 keV and 20 MeV. These energies span the range of medical X-ray machines and airport security scanners.

Column definitions: (1) The flight number; (2) The maximum dose rate during the flight, expressed in units of natural radiation at sea level; (3) The maximum altitude of the plane in feet above sea level; (4) Departure city; (5) Arrival city; (6) Duration of the flight.

SPACE WEATHER BALLOON DATA: Approximately once a week, Spaceweather.com and the students of Earth to Sky Calculus fly space weather balloons to the stratosphere over California. These balloons are equipped with radiation sensors that detect cosmic rays, a surprisingly "down to Earth" form of space weather. Cosmic rays can seed clouds, trigger lightning, and penetrate commercial airplanes. Furthermore, there are studies ( #1, #2, #3, #4) linking cosmic rays with cardiac arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death in the general population. Our latest measurements show that cosmic rays are intensifying, with an increase of more than 18% since 2015:

The data points in the graph above correspond to the peak of the Reneger-Pfotzer maximum, which lies about 67,000 feet above central California. When cosmic rays crash into Earth's atmosphere, they produce a spray of secondary particles that is most intense at the entrance to the stratosphere. Physicists Eric Reneger and Georg Pfotzer discovered the maximum using balloons in the 1930s and it is what we are measuring today.

En route to the stratosphere, our sensors also pass through aviation altitudes:

In this plot, dose rates are expessed as multiples of sea level. For instance, we see that boarding a plane that flies at 25,000 feet exposes passengers to dose rates ~10x higher than sea level. At 40,000 feet, the multiplier is closer to 50x.

The radiation sensors onboard our helium balloons detect X-rays and gamma-rays in the energy range 10 keV to 20 MeV. These energies span the range of medical X-ray machines and airport security scanners.

Why are cosmic rays intensifying? The main reason is the sun. Solar storm clouds such as coronal mass ejections (CMEs) sweep aside cosmic rays when they pass by Earth. During Solar Maximum, CMEs are abundant and cosmic rays are held at bay. Now, however, the solar cycle is swinging toward Solar Minimum, allowing cosmic rays to return. Another reason could be the weakening of Earth's magnetic field, which helps protect us from deep-space radiation.

  Essential web links
NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center
  The official U.S. government space weather bureau
Atmospheric Optics
  The first place to look for information about sundogs, pillars, rainbows and related phenomena.
Solar Dynamics Observatory
  Researchers call it a "Hubble for the sun." SDO is the most advanced solar observatory ever.
STEREO
  3D views of the sun from NASA's Solar and Terrestrial Relations Observatory
Solar and Heliospheric Observatory
  Realtime and archival images of the Sun from SOHO.
Daily Sunspot Summaries
  from the NOAA Space Environment Center
NOAA 27-Day Space Weather Forecasts
  fun to read, but should be taken with a grain of salt! Forecasts looking ahead more than a few days are often wrong.
Aurora 30 min forecast
  from the NOAA Space Environment Center
Heliophysics
  the underlying science of space weather

Spaceweather.com welcomes these supporters of science communication: RV Sales and CRAS, the Conservatory of Recording Arts and Sciences and Windshield Replacement Phoenix and Breast Augmentation Phoenix and Dentist Chandler, AZ.

   
Look no further to find the best Comox Valley Real Estate listings and homes for sale
   
NASA Near Earth Asteroid Home Page
   
Chicago SEO Expert
   
Search Kelowna Real Estate Listings & Homes for Sale easily.
Find help on all Calgary Homes For Sale and Real Estate Listings. Great source for Edmonton Real Estate Listings & Homes For Sale
The best place for soundcloud followers buy is definitely BRSM.IO

To find reviews of new online casino sites in the UK try The Casino DB where there are hundreds of online casino reviews complete with bonuses and ratings.

Looking for a new online casino? Try Casimpo the new site dedicated to making online casino simple and easy for all.

  These links help Spaceweather.com stay online. Thank you to our supporters!
  more links...
 
 





space weather alerts

Search Engine Optimisation

GiftGeek.co

B2B Trade Show & Exhibitions

Law Offices of Parente & Norem, P.C.

The Fernandez Firm

Joseph M. Dooley
Chicago Injury Attorney


Personal Injury Attorneys New York



Book your Morocco desert tours here and enjoy star gazing at the crystal clear sky of Erg Chebbi

space weather alerts

space weather alerts

Balkongarten

Bio Gartenportal


Organic Natural Reusable Biodegradable Bamboo Drinking Straws
at Mann Bamboo Fiber

space weather alerts



Savant Magazine

NobleRate


Top10BestPro 

space weather alerts


Comparing PAYE
umbrella companies
for UK contractors and freelancers

Law Offices of Randolph Rice
.

space weather alerts


Kestrel

Get the best offers on Swedish nätcasino at Casinodealen.se

Compare the best Norwegian nettcasino at Casinobonuser.nu

Find all of your favorite Romanian casinos online on supercazino.ro 

Poker and Casino Site Rankings, Reviews and Guides

Did you know there are slots with space-theme like Starburst, you can find online casinos at Zamsino with Starburst!

Finland lastest online casino portal FiKasinot, place to find best online casino offers

Visit Gambling Deals to compare the latest gambling sites and gambling offers

In your favorite Online Casino Geld gewinnen now!

CasinoHEX Sverige listar och recenserar alla Nya Casinon på nätet med exklusiva bonusar

Gokken op Gokkast op Onlinecasinohex.nl: nu kunt u de leukste speelautomaten online spelen zowel gratis als voor echt geld.

Interested in mobile casinos? Visit BubnoSlots to find the best real money mobile slots

CasinoGuide has thoroughly reviewed and ranked the best mobile casinos in the UK. Filter by 50+ criteria at https://www.casinoguide.co.uk/mobile-casino.

Qlipso

Find forbrugslån, fagforeninger og kredit lån på Tempest.dk
:
Naples Real Estate

Kompressor

floobs.fi



space weather alerts

Support SpaceWeather.com



space weather alerts

Support SpaceWeather.com



space weather alerts

Bitcoin Profit Trading Software

Bitcoin Code Trading Software

CasinoRunner brings you all new online casino sites 2020

UK gamblers will find new casino sites at at this awesome casino listing site..

The HEX portal gives you a unique opportunity to enjoy the best nettikasinot and experience true Finnish quality!

At casinofavoritter.com you will find the best online casino in Norway.

Gorilla Sports treningsutstyr have professional gym equipment for everyone! Buy kettlebells, weight plates etc.

At Brillz solbriller you will find cheap sun glasses. 3 for only NOK 249i

Dean Consulting Group

Claim the biggest sign-up bonuses at the  Top Betting Sites in the UK

Kasinohai is Finland's number one source for new online casinos uudet nettikasinot

Play Online Casino in Norway and get the best offers.

Visit Casino Ratgeber and read about the latest games and offers for German players.

Ahhapoker merupakan salah satu brand besar permainan terpopular di indonesia poker online terpercaya

BestCasinos.fi provides the most comprehensive and up to date list of new online casinos (Uudet nettikasinot) in Finland.

Visit Bestbonus.co.nz for the best casino bonuses in New Zealand

Norway's biggest Sportsbook guide is finally live, check it out here: SpillOdds.com 

Support SpaceWeather.com


Roseville SEO

Insignia SEO Company - Marketing that Works!


Ingatbola88 hadir sebagai bandar judi bola sbobet mobile yang memberikan banyak kemudahan yang bisa anda dapatkan.

Support SpaceWeather.com
space weather alerts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HEY! SOMEBODY'S GOTTA PAY THE SERVER BILLS...

 

オンラインカジノ

 

allvideoslots

Pokiesportal.com: A comprehensive guide to playing pokies and online casinos in Australia

Axioopoker adalah agen judi poker online terpercaya di Indonesia 2019

Finland biggest site for new casinos online, please visit uudet nettikasinot to see the offers

Spinsify the one and only portal for new casinos in UK.. 

Get the reviews for the latest slot games and Boku casino sites at bokuslots.com.

50 Free Spins No Deposit at newfreecasinospins.com

Get the best new online casino sign up bonuses and pokies bonus offers at bonusgiant.com.

Looking for casino games with a space theme? Check out https://casino-bonus.com/games/ for the latest slots. Have fun!

Find the latest new casinos 2019 at CasinoViking UK if you want to play on licensed gambling sites only.

Discover licensed and trustworthy UK casino sites at CasinoPilot, your best guide to online gambling operators.

Find new casinos to play at in the UK.

Compare new casino sites from UK at https://newcasinouk.com/ and enjoy latest online deals.

Check the best 30 free spins bonuses in United Kingdom offered by KingCasinoBonus

Play Space Wars and other space themed slots at InstaCasino and get 10 RealSpins when signing up!

Play space themed games at Norges Casino for your chance to win big!

Visit Forbrukslån to get the best the loan offers

Send one loan application to Lånemegleren.no, get offers from several banks

CasinoTopp.net – Norwegian guide about casino online

If you are looking for forbrukslån in Norway you should check FinansTopp

For the best casino sites in the Nordics check out bestenorskespilleautomater.com

If you like online casinos, check out https://thesocialcasino.co.uk/ for the latest brands

When comparing online casinos - Casinorella is a recommended site with detailed reviews.



       
©2019 Spaceweather.com. All rights reserved. This site is penned daily by Dr. Tony Phillips.



Learn how to use Excel

space weather alerts


Lera Blog

 


Best in Australia




Support SpaceWeather.com

space weather alerts



Support SpaceWeather.com