Solar wind
speed: 303.5 km/sec
density: 13.56 protons/cm3
more data: ACE, DSCOVR
Updated: Today at 0846 UT
X-ray Solar Flares
6-hr max: B9
0515 UT Sep26
24-hr: C1
1934 UT Sep25
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at: 0850 UT
Daily Sun: 26 Sep 22
Expand: labels | no labels
Sunspots AR3107 and AR3110 are crackling with minor C-class solar flares. Credit: SDO/HMI

Sunspot number: 96
What is the sunspot number?
Updated 26 Sep 2022

Spotless Days
Current Stretch: 0 days
2022 total: 1 day (<1%)
2021 total: 64 days (18%)
2020 total: 208 days (57%)
2019 total: 281 days (77%)
2018 total: 221 days (61%)
2017 total: 104 days (28%)
2016 total: 32 days (9%)
2015 total: 0 days (0%)
2014 total: 1 day (<1%)
2013 total: 0 days (0%)
2012 total: 0 days (0%)
2011 total: 2 days (<1%)
2010 total: 51 days (14%)
2009 total: 260 days (71%)
2008 total: 268 days (73%)
2007 total: 152 days (42%)
2006 total: 70 days (19%)

Updated 26 Sep 2022

Thermosphere Climate Index
today: 14.55
x1010 W Neutral
Max: 49.4
x1010 W Hot (10/1957)
Min: 2.05
x1010 W Cold (02/2009)
explanation | more data: gfx, txt
Updated 25 Sep 2022

The Radio Sun
10.7 cm flux: 135 sfu
explanation | more data
Updated 26 Sep 2022

Cosmic Rays Solar Cycle 25 is beginning, and this is reflected in the number of cosmic rays entering Earth's atmosphere. Neutron counts from the University of Oulu's Sodankyla Geophysical Observatory show that cosmic rays reaching Earth are slowly declining--a result of the yin-yang relationship between the solar cycle and cosmic rays.

Oulu Neutron Counts

Percentages of the Space Age average:
today: +2.4% Elevated
48-hr change: +0.9%
Max: +11.7% Very High
Min: -32.1% Very Low (06/1991)
explanation | more data
Updated 26 Sep 2022 @ 0700 UT

Current Auroral Oval:
Switch to: Europe, USA, New Zealand, Antarctica
Credit: NOAA/Ovation
Planetary K-index
Now: Kp= 1 quiet
24-hr max: Kp= 2
explanation | more data
Interplanetary Mag. Field
Btotal: 3.02 nT
Bz: 0.99 nT north
more data: ACE, DSCOVR
Updated: Today at 0846 UT
Coronal Holes: 26 Sep 22

Solar wind flowing from this equatorial coronal hole should graze Earth's magnetic field on Oct 1-2.
Credit: SDO/AIA

Noctilucent Clouds
The summer season for northern noctilucent clouds has ended.
Switch view: Europe, USA, Asia, Polar
Updated Sep25
NOAA Forecasts
Updated at: 2022 Sep 25 2200 UTC
0-24 hr
24-48 hr
40 %
40 %
10 %
10 %
Geomagnetic Storms:
Probabilities for significant disturbances in Earth's magnetic field are given for three activity levels: active, minor storm, severe storm
Updated at: 2022 Sep 25 2200 UTC
0-24 hr
24-48 hr
15 %
25 %
05 %
10 %
01 %
01 %
High latitudes
0-24 hr
24-48 hr
15 %
25 %
15 %
20 %
20 %
15 %
Monday, Sep. 26, 2022
What's up in space

Never miss another geomagnetic storm. Sign up for Space Weather Alerts and you'll receive a text message when magnetic storms erupt. Aurora tour guides and professional astronomers use this service. You can, too!


WATCH NASA SMASH INTO AN ASTEROID: Sixty-five million years ago, an asteroid struck Earth. Today, NASA strikes back. On Monday, Sept. 26th, the DART spacecraft will intentionally collide with asteroid Dimorphos in a test to see if human tech can change an asteroid's motion. Live coverage of DART's approach and impact (7:14 pm EDT) begins at 6:00 pm EDT on NASA TV.

A CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH JUPITER: Today, Jupiter is having its closest encounter with Earth since 1963--only 591 million kilometers away. That's closer than it sounds:

Marek Nikodem took the picture this morning near Szubin, Poland. "I went with my girl friend outside the city to observe Jupiter's excellent close encounter," he says. "What a wonderful sight, Jupiter shone in the sky like a lantern in the dark."

At this nearby point in its orbit, Jupiter (mag. -2.9) outshines every star in the night sky. It is more than 4 times brighter than Sirius. The giant planet's disk is nearly an arcminute wide, making it an easy target for backyard telescopes.

Over the weekend, Michael Karrer recorded this movie using a 14-inch Celestron:

"That's Europa throwing its shadow on Jupiter," says Karrer. "Together with the Great Red Spot, it was an exciting scene."

Got a telescope? Tonight is a great night to use it. Look for Jupiter rising in the east at sunset and soaring overhead at midnight. Enjoy the show!

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery
Free: Newsletter

A GIANT PROMINENCE AND THE ISS: For days, solar astronomers have been monitoring a behemoth prominence on the sun's southeastern limb. Eduardo Schaberger Poupeau was watching yesterday when the International Space Station (ISS) flew by:

"The huge prominence rising 100,000 km above the sun's surface was already a great spectacle," says Poupeau. "The addition of the ISS made it a special view indeed."

The ISS is gone now, and so is the prominence. It erupted during the late hours of Sept. 24th. SOHO coronagraphs show a CME emerging from the blast site. The storm cloud will not hit Earth. Solar flare alerts: SMS Text.

more images: from Alan Friedman of Buffalo, NY; from Mike Borman of Evansville, Indiana; from James Roger Samworth of Nailstone, UK; from Chris Schur of Payson, Arizona;

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery
Free: Newsletter

ROSE QUARTZ HEART PENDANT: Take a heart shaped piece of rose quartz; wrap it in a sterling silver sunflower filigree; then launch it to space. That's how you make an Earth to Sky Rose Quartz Heart Pendant. Here's one flying 107,400 feet above Earth on Aug. 26th:

You can have it for $169.95. The students of Earth to Sky Calculus are selling space pendants to support their cosmic ray ballooning program. Each comes with a greeting card showing the pendant in flight and telling the story of its trip to the edge of space. All sales support STEM science.

Far Out Gifts: Earth to Sky Store
All sales support hands-on STEM education

Realtime Aurora Photo Gallery
Free: Newsletter

  All Sky Fireball Network
Every night, a network of NASA all-sky cameras scans the skies above the United States for meteoritic fireballs. Automated software maintained by NASA's Meteoroid Environment Office calculates their orbits, velocity, penetration depth in Earth's atmosphere and many other characteristics. Daily results are presented here on

On Sep 24, 2022, the network reported 27 fireballs.
(27 sporadics)

In this diagram of the inner solar system, all of the fireball orbits intersect at a single point--Earth. The orbits are color-coded by velocity, from slow (red) to fast (blue). [Larger image] [movies]

  Near Earth Asteroids
Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) are space rocks larger than approximately 100m that can come closer to Earth than 0.05 AU. None of the known PHAs is on a collision course with our planet, although astronomers are finding new ones all the time.
On September 26, 2022 there were 2294 potentially hazardous asteroids.
Recent & Upcoming Earth-asteroid encounters:
Miss Distance
Velocity (km/s)
Diameter (m)
2022 SC1
14.3 LD
2022 SW1
1.8 LD
2022 SH
7.9 LD
2022 SA1
18.8 LD
2022 SR2
1.2 LD
2022 SK1
7.1 LD
2022 SG3
1.7 LD
2022 ST1
4 LD
2022 SG
7.3 LD
2022 QH8
10.6 LD
2022 SW3
7.3 LD
2022 QK36
18.7 LD
2022 SD9
0.6 LD
2022 SP
9.2 LD
2022 SK
18.1 LD
2022 RM
14.2 LD
2022 SK6
2.7 LD
2022 SL1
9.3 LD
2022 SU1
4 LD
2022 SE6
4 LD
2022 SR4
7.9 LD
2022 SY4
2.4 LD
2022 SY2
18.8 LD
2022 SZ2
1.5 LD
2022 ST3
18 LD
2022 SD4
10.7 LD
2022 SP4
15.6 LD
2022 SO4
13.6 LD
2022 SP1
19 LD
2022 ST7
10.8 LD
2022 SZ
13.7 LD
2022 SR1
12.1 LD
2016 HF2
19.2 LD
2022 SJ9
3.2 LD
2022 SU7
1.9 LD
2022 SB9
5.2 LD
2018 ER1
14.7 LD
2022 SC9
13.3 LD
2018 VG
18.5 LD
2021 TJ10
19.6 LD
2013 TJ6
11.7 LD
2022 RA5
13.2 LD
2022 SG6
15.7 LD
2013 SL20
6.2 LD
2020 TO2
1.4 LD
2020 BD
12.1 LD
2022 QM6
19.8 LD
2022 RB5
13.1 LD
2005 AZ28
11.5 LD
2016 TH94
19.1 LD
2019 AN5
20 LD
2004 UT1
4 LD
2021 VH
5.9 LD
2022 RM4
6 LD
2020 WD
3 LD
2019 XS
16.7 LD
2019 VL5
8.5 LD
2018 WH
2.5 LD
2019 OR1
18.1 LD
2005 LW3
3 LD
Notes: LD means "Lunar Distance." 1 LD = 384,401 km, the distance between Earth and the Moon. 1 LD also equals 0.00256 AU.
  Cosmic Rays in the Atmosphere

SPACE WEATHER BALLOON DATA: Almost once a week, and the students of Earth to Sky Calculus fly space weather balloons to the stratosphere over California. These balloons are equipped with sensors that detect secondary cosmic rays, a form of radiation from space that can penetrate all the way down to Earth's surface. Our monitoring program has been underway without interruption for 7 years, resulting in a unique dataset of in situ atmospheric measurements.

Latest results (July 2022): Atmospheric radiation is decreasing in 2022. Our latest measurements in July 2022 registered a 6-year low:

What's going on? Ironically, the radiation drop is caused by increasing solar activity. Solar Cycle 25 has roared to life faster than forecasters expected. The sun's strengthening and increasingly tangled magnetic field repels cosmic rays from deep space. In addition, solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs) sweep aside cosmic rays, causing sharp reductions called "Forbush Decreases." The two effects blend together to bring daily radiation levels down.

.Who cares? Cosmic rays are a surprisingly "down to Earth" form of space weather. They can alter the chemistry of the atmosphere, trigger lightning, and penetrate commercial airplanes. According to a study from the Harvard T.H. Chan school of public health, crews of aircraft have higher rates of cancer than the general population. The researchers listed cosmic rays, irregular sleep habits, and chemical contaminants as leading risk factors. A number of controversial studies (#1, #2, #3, #4) go even further, linking cosmic rays with cardiac arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death.

Technical notes: The radiation sensors onboard our helium balloons detect X-rays and gamma-rays in the energy range 10 keV to 20 MeV. These energies span the range of medical X-ray machines and airport security scanners.

Data points in the graph labeled "Stratospheric Radiation" correspond to the peak of the Regener-Pfotzer maximum, which lies about 67,000 feet above central California. When cosmic rays crash into Earth's atmosphere, they produce a spray of secondary particles that is most intense at the entrance to the stratosphere. Physicists Eric Regener and Georg Pfotzer discovered the maximum using balloons in the 1930s and it is what we are measuring today.

  Essential web links
NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center
  The official U.S. government space weather bureau
Atmospheric Optics
  The first place to look for information about sundogs, pillars, rainbows and related phenomena.
Solar Dynamics Observatory
  Researchers call it a "Hubble for the sun." SDO is the most advanced solar observatory ever.
  3D views of the sun from NASA's Solar and Terrestrial Relations Observatory
Solar and Heliospheric Observatory
  Realtime and archival images of the Sun from SOHO.
  information about sunspots based on the latest NOAA/USAF Active Region Summary
Starlink Satellite Statistics
  current counts of failed and deployed Starlink satellites from Jonathan's Space Page
The Aerospace Corporation
  Authoritative predictions of space junk and satellite re-entries
Daily Sunspot Summaries
  from the NOAA Space Environment Center
NOAA 27-Day Space Weather Forecasts
  fun to read, but should be taken with a grain of salt! Forecasts looking ahead more than a few days are often wrong.
Aurora 30 min forecast
  from the NOAA Space Environment Center
Live Aurora Webcam
  from Lights over Lapland
  the underlying science of space weather

To get the best views of the cosmos, check out the Phoenix Window Glass Replacement experts for all your window and glass needs

To get an up close view of the heavenly bodies surrounding Earth, think about selling your junk car for cash and buying a high quality telescope. welcomes these supporters of science communication: RV Sales and Arizona SEO and Arizona Business Directory and C8 Corvette | Phoenix Personal Injury Lawyer | Phoenix SEO
Going above and beyond to provide the best homes listings in Comox to keep you up to date and informed
NASA Near Earth Asteroid Home Page

BestCSGOGambling is the best site for everything related to CSGO gambling on the web

To find reviews of new online casino sites in the UK try The Casino DB where there are hundreds of online casino reviews complete with bonuses and ratings. Alternatively, is another massive directory of online casinos listing sites for the UK and Worldwide.

Casinos that offer Rupees for bonuses are very generous to Indian players. Find the best online casinos in India at 

Looking for a new online casino? Try Casimpo the new site dedicated to making online casino simple, or check out the new Avenger Slots Casino and Ace Online Casino with over 500 online slots and casino games.

One of the most popular casino games is the Book Of Dead Slot based on ancient Egyptian text, you can find all the casinos with spins at

When looking for casinos to play online when the weather is bad, you can try casino online trucchi for Italian games. If you are not from Finland you can try the Swedish page Svenska casino online to find suitable games, check out Always check your local laws before playing with real money.
Chicago SEO Expert
Search Kelowna Real Estate Listings & Homes for Sale easily.
Find help on all Calgary Homes For Sale and Real Estate Listings. Great source for Edmonton Real Estate Listings & Homes For Sale

Looking for sports betting companies not registered on GamStop? CasinoGap has presented a list of sites not on GamStop available for UK players. Check and bet online!

Would you like to bet at sites not using GamStop? Look at a list of NonStopCasino sites for online betting that aren't on GamStop. Top-rated bookmakers ever!

  These links help stay online. Thank you to our supporters!
  more links...

Dynamic Mechanical Services Inc. is the north Bay’s one-stop shop for HVAC, cooling, heating and commercial refrigeration needs.

Get the best kitchen cabinets at affordable prices. Look no further than

* Uppsats


If you are Canadian check out They list and review gambling sites from Canada

Check out for the best wholesale cabinets online

* Utländska casino utan svensk licens. Spela utan att förlora pengar!

Check Casinomir for offshore gambling sites and casinos not on Gamstop

Casinos without Swedish license:

Free spins, no deposit casino offers by 777 Casino. Visit today and unlock up to 500 free spins

Visit for all the best online casinos for Finnish players

สูตรบาคาร่า | gclub | สล็อต | slotxo | pgslot | super slot

Online Coupons Codes | Best Discount Codes

Web Design Essex Promo Codes in Real-Time


VIP Real Estate

US Zip Codes

Unit Converter


B2B Marketplace deutschland

space weather alerts

Baltimore Personal Injury Attorneys

Katso kaikki parhaat nettikasinot suomalaisille pelaajille

A Bitcoin VPS allows you to host your servers anonymously. If that's what you're looking for you can buy a VPS with Bitcoin here

Buy 1:1 quality replica watches at Get perfect replica watches with discounted prices and free shipping

buy cheap instagram followers

Bankruptcy Attorney San Diego

Basement Waterproofing Indianapolis

Concrete Leveling Indianapolis

Top Best Paint Sprayers

Find a great casino ohne anmeldung bonus at

* Elija solo casino online España confiable y con licencia, para que pueda estar seguro de que recibirá sus ganancias y jugará a las mejores tragamonedas o ruleta en vivo

* Searching for best pokies and honest bonus offers? Choose casino online Australia and enjoy top casino games with free spins!

Find the best online casinos for Finland at netticasino360

space weather alerts

best wireless webcam

space weather alerts


space weather alerts

Dean Consulting Group

Law Offices of Randolph Rice

space weather alerts


* Play online slots uk at Wizard Slots, One of the top pay by mobile slots sites

* Play casino online with King Casino and their new selection of UK slot games

* Sign up today on Barbados Bingo the premium online bingo uk site and gain a chance to receive a no deposit bonus bingo offer

Find the best betting offers in Mexico at

Find the best bonus on Book of Dead slot today

Mola138 menghadirkan 16 provider Slot Online terkenal dunia didalam 1 situs judi online

online slots

©2021 All rights reserved. This site is penned daily by Dr. Tony Phillips.

Freispiele ohne Einzahlung

Learn how to use Excel

Best Promo Codes

casino utan spelpaus compares Non Gamstop Casinos and UK Casinos & Betting sites not on Gamstop. Independent casino reviews & exclusive bonus offers for British Gamblers

Compare and find online casino in Sweden at

El Paso social security disability lawyer

MyStake Casino Avis

Get the latest mBTC to USD rate for free with the bitcoin currency converter

Buzz Voice is the best site to buy instagram likes from

Play space themed games at Norges Casino for your chance to win big!

CasinoHEX - is a top #1 web destination for Indian casino players. Find the best Indian gambling sites reviewed.

Play great casino games at Betiton Casino. New players get a 100% match bonus & 150 free spins!

We have a list of non UK casinos that accept British players. Check out our list and find the perfect casino for you.

If you're looking for the best-rated bookmakers, look no further than non gamstop betting sites.

Looking for a guide for the best 1CAD minimum deposit casinos in Canada? Casimoose is the guide to consult.

Play casino games for real money at Red Dog Casino with safe deposit methods

Your guide for the best 1NZD minimum deposit casinos in New Zealand is right here at

Check out PicksforTonight for picks on every game, every day from our computer model

child custody lawyers | bus accident lawyers | car accident lawyers | birth injury lawyers | attorneys

When seeking a generous bonus, it's always worth having a look at a new online casino. The newest online casinos promise the best incentives.


Win jackpots at
Japan's famous
ネットカジノ スロット

Best Betting Sites by

Claim the best no deposit bonuses at

Check out the best site to buy Instagram followers

Play the best online slots and casino games at the best online casino in the UK!

Find Finnish online casinos at

Like playing legal online casino games in Australia? Explore the best real money pokies for AU players at

sbobet | gclub | scr888.

Real Money online casino Canada . Want to enjoy the best real money gambling experience online?

Learn how to build Excel charts like the ones you see on our site

Accident Lawyers | Truck Accident Lawyers | DUI Accident Lawyers | Lawyers | Insurance Claims Lawyers

MyStake Mirror - MyStake Entrez

bitcoin gambling

Parhaat nettikasinot at

Offshore gambling sites with foreign licenses are getting more traction in Sweden:

If you want to gamble on offshore casinos without Gamstop, has all the information and guides you need!

Are you looking for the best Swedish bookmakers? check out

Here we highlight the top companies that do not participate in the Gamstop register and list the non Gamstop UK casinos

Minimum 5 pound deposit casino sites

With the abundance of different casinos, it is not easy to find a safe option. Safe online casinos usa can help!

Learn more currency tips and tricks at val forex.

At, find all the information you need about 'casino utan licens'! | Casino bonus sans dépôt Canada

Casinon utan spelpaus

Write For Us Blog By Coupotoaster

Submit Travel Guest Post at LivingFeeds

Information about crypto deposits and gambling at Bitcoin casinos:

The best online casinos non aams for Italian players:

Are you looking to play online casino Australia? Head over to to find the Best Online Casinos and Pokies for you!

Fastest paying casinos in Finland: Pikakasinot suomi

buy 1000 instagram followers from

Finnish online casinos:

Bitcoin casinos in Japan: ビットコインカジノ.co

Read about non SGA casinos at

Explore the best crypto casinos and sportsbooks

rahapelit netissä

US Legal Gambling Guide: Find Everything You Need to Know About Casinos, DFS and Online Sportbooks at Gamblerzz.

Casinos without Swedish license: Top lists of non-licensed casinos.

If you are German and looking for alternatives to the current gambling sites, gives you both game variety and a non-restricted slots experience.

DrBet is one of the top casino online uk. the best website to Buy Youtube Views - coupon codes and verified deals

Fresh gambling news, online casino reviews on

An IQ Test is a fast and accurate way to determine one's intelligence.

space weather alerts


Doulike dating site

Naming a Star for a loved one could not be easier with Star Registry. This novelty certification is a great addition to any wall and will last a lifetime. Buy a Star as a gift as a unique and thoughtful idea for all space lovers.

space weather alerts

CasinoHEX UK

*Goldstar social is the best place to Buy Instagram followers UK and worldwide

Casino Top 10

Visit for more information about online casinos with Swedish license

* cricket bet rates

* Discover the best online casino belgie and reach for the stars

Czech website for casino and betting Sazeni online provides all the information to find the best Bitcoin casinos

The best guide to casinos not on gamstop UK 2021. Only one UK based review site you will need

* PRO guide to UK and EU casinos not on gamstop at

* Looking to find a new casino to play? If so, OldSkool recommends visiting as they keep an updated list.

Play online blackjack for real money and have fun at El Royale Casino

Get your slot game winnings paid at light speed with fast payout casino banking options, which you can only find at regulated casinos

* Get the reviews for the latest slot games and Boku casino sites at 

Check out where you will find the best online casinos in Japan

UK readers: non Gamstop sites are evaluated by for 2021.

Online casino 24 is the best website to Buy Instagram Followers

For all casinos without Swedish license please visit

* Compare to find the best no deposit bonus casino online

* Uk bingo sites | Kasino ilman rekisteröitymistä

Casino Daddy is a global leader in reviewing and listing the best online casinos currently on the market

Norsk Casino HEX ▷ Best Online Casino Guide i Norge

* A comprehensive guide to playing pokies and online casinos in Australia!

Casinority Australia - the best gambling guide for Australian players. Check out the list of top Australian online casinos!

Wildz Casino offers the most complete list of casino games in the universe

* Encuentra el mejor casino online de España en el comparador #1 del país.

* Kokeile nettikasinoiden uutta kasinot ilman rekisteröitymistä trendiä Suomen parhaimmissa pelisivustoissa.

* Encuentra tus casas de apuestas favoritas y consigue las mejores cuotas. .

The HEX portal gives you a unique opportunity to enjoy the best and experience true Finnish quality!

* Guides and tools for sports bettors, gamblers, and slot players at RealCasinoCanada – get all the information

* These are all safe options in the Netherlands of best online casinos with high ratings where you can play with real money and win.

* No matter the weather, players from New Zealand can always rely on step-by-step gambling guides and a full real money casinos list on iCasinoReviews

The most popular casinos in Finland can be found on

Finding the top online casinos does not have to be rocket science. Fruity Slots is the safest and trusted casino guide in the UK

Compare the best uudet nettikasinot in Finland - and find your favorite new casino!

Choose casinos not on gamstop and play without limits!

* Play in the best online casino in Belgium for real money and have fun getting the best bonuses that casinos can afford!

* Find the best licensed online casinos in Romania on

* offers helpful guides to the best bitcoin casino sites

* Dan Permainan Slot online terpercaya Online Di Idslot77 Kini Menarik Minat Para Pemain Judi Online Di Seluruh Indonesia

* Idslot77 Situs Judi slot777 and Pragmatic Play Online Terbaik Di Indonesia

* casino

* Get the latest UK no deposit casino bonuses at Casino Martini

* spin the wheel to win real money

* Discover licensed and trustworthy UK casino sites at CasinoPilot, your best guide to online gambling operators.

* Compare new casino sites from UK at and enjoy latest online deals

Exipure Reviews | Exipure Reviews


Trim Life Keto Reviews | Trim Life Keto | Trim Life Keto Pills |  Trim Life Keto Pills Reviews | Trim Life Keto Ingredients

Exipure Reviews | Exipure Weight loss | Exipure Amazon | Exipure Pills | Exipure Ingredients

Exipure Pills Reviews | Exipure Pills Weight loss | Exipure Pills Amazon | Exipure Pills | Exipure Pills Ingredients

Exipure Tropical Loophole Reviews | Exipure Tropical Loophole Amazon | Exipure Tropical Loophole Pills | Exipure Tropical Loophole Ingredients

Java Burn Reviews | Java Burn Coffee | What Is Java Burn | Java Burn Amazon

Keto Burn DX | Keto Burn DX Reviews  | Keto Burn DX UK|  Keto Burn DX Pills |  Keto Burn DX United Kingdom